The Circularity Gap Report 2023 is now online!

Learn how circularity can reverse the overshoot of five of our planet's safe limits.

The Circularity Gap Reporting Initiative: a global score for circularity

The Circularity Gap Reporting Initiative highlights the urgent need to transition to a circular economy. We aim to empower key decision makers in both government and business to coordinate action to accelerate that transition. We do this by measuring current states of circularity and by bringing together stakeholders from businesses, governments, academia and NGOs to input and evaluate our findings on the state of the transition based on the latest scientific evidence.

A Global

The Global Circularity Gap Report is an annual report measuring the state of circularity. Its goal is to inspire action and realise a global circular economy. The Circularity Gap Report is launched annually during The World Economic Forum's Annual Meeting in Davos.

Adapted to countries

The Circularity Gap Metric for Countries provides a deeper understanding of the resource reality of specific countries, in terms of extraction, processing, production, consumption and end-of-use management. It also provides them with tailored circular transition pathways.

Based on a scientific

The Circularity Gap Reporting Initiative is based on a scientific methodology and is continuously developed in collaboration with a committee of leading academics.

Endorsed by
global leaders

The circular economy is a fundamental means to achieving sustainability and carbon neutrality. Yet to know if we’re getting there, we need to measure circularity. The series of Circularity Gap reports have been illuminating, as they’re showing us the –distressing– tendency of the past years. This third report sparks an alarm for all governments; we need to deploy all the array of policies to really catalyze this transformation.
Carolina Schmidt
Minister for the Environment
Government of Chile
The circularity gap is widening, and with it, the climate and biodiversity impacts of our extractive economies. To confront environmental challenges and deliver socio-economic benefi ts, we must rethink how we consume and dispose of materials. This report offers essential metrics to track progress and underlines the key role played by cities and regions in bridging the gap.
Gino van Begin
Secretary General
Despite two years of concentrated eff orts and pockets of success, circularity’s global impact is not big enough. This report provides a clear roadmap for action. Countries, cities and businesses can step up as change agents to accelerate circularity locally and globally. But, governments and businesses alike must engage in far-reaching, cross-border collaborations for circular value chains and climate neutrality.
Frans van Houten
CEO Phillips and Co-chair of PACE


Find answers to key questions about why material tracking matters, how circularity is measured, and its connection to environmental sustainability.
Why is it important to track how materials are extracted, used and managed at end-of-life?
How do we track material flows in an economy?
What does it mean to take  a ‘consumption-based’ perspective?
How is the Circularity Metric calculated?
What data is used to calculate the Circularity Metric?
Do materials recycled abroad ‘count’ towards the Circularity Metric?
Why doesn’t the Circularity Metric include ecologically cycled biomass? 
Is 100% circularity possible?
How does the Circularity Metric differ from Eurostat’s Circularity Material Use Rate (CMUR)?
How do the results of the analysis link to national emission reduction targets?

Latest Updates

November 16, 2023
Munich's residents consume four times more resources than deemed sustainable
Read more
October 10, 2023
Latin America exports 40% of its extracted resources at the cost of environmental degradation
Read more
September 29, 2023
Circular economy as an overlooked opportunity to reach Denmark's climate goals
Read more

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