The Netherlands is already a frontrunner in the global race to circularity, but this study uncovers sectors where hardwired linear conduct is embedded.
The Netherlands consumes 221 million tonnes of materials - minerals, fossil fuels, metals and biomass - each year. Of this, 167 million tonnes are never cycled back into the economy. Our report conveys how this number can be reduced, thereby increasing the circularity of the country from 24.5% to 70%.
The Netherlands is 24.5% circular.
Major overhauls to the framework of the national economy - including jobs - will be necessary to achieve the government’s ambitions of a fully circular economy by 2050.