In our ‘what if’ scenarios, we explore how adopting the following interventions in six key sectors could create a more sustainable, circular economy.
When combined, these six scenarios bolster the Circularity Metric from 2.4% to 45.8%, reduce consumption by over half and slash the country’s carbon footprint by an important 63%.
Circular construction industry
Extract no virgin construction materials and maximise the cycling of construction and demolition waste in new buildings.
Circular food systems
Eliminate all food waste from farm-to-fork and reduce the material intensity of fishing and aquaculture through responsible sourcing. Stop importing selected food products and instead, consume only domestically produced meat, dairy and cereals for food and feed. Source all biomass related to food systems sustainably and responsibly.
Transition to clean energy
Transition away from fossil fuel extraction for domestic energy purposes. Replace heavy duty fuels for industrial heat generation with hydrogen from electrolysis and renewably produced electricity.
Strong repair, reuse and recycling economy
Increase the average lifetime of electrical products/machinery and household goods by applying rental, sharing and repair models. Strive for zero material for landfill or incineration and substitute primary material with recycled material.
Green transport systems
Apply car-sharing and rental in all passenger vehicles, reuse motor vehicles components and expand the average lifetime of motor vehicles by reusing mechanical equipment. Electrify passenger vehicles and ferries and apply design improvements in car and other transport manufacturing.
Circular forestry and wood products
Source all flows in the timber and paper sector sustainably and responsibly, and safely return them to the biosphere.